Here is your short paragraph on Jawaharlal Nehru !
Jawaharlal Nehru, son of prominent Congress leader Motilal Nehru, returned from England to practice law at home, but soon followed his father in politics.
Nehru was highly impressed with Fabian socialist methods during his schooling in England. Nehru married Kamala Kaul in 1916.
Gradually, Nehru emerged as a protégé of Mahatma Gandhi entering the first rank in Indian nationalist politics as the President of Congress for the first time in 1929. Imprisoned for 32 months after the Quit India Movement of 1942, Nehru spent most of these years in the prison writing books and letters.
Nehru’s letters to his only daughter, Indira Priyadarshini during successive periods of imprisonment during 1930-34 were later compiled into a book called Glimpses of World History. His 1942-45 incarceration produced The Discovery of India. He has written his biography too, titled An Autobiography. Nehru’s famous Tryst with Destiny speech on the eve of Indian Independence is regarded as politically very significant.
Nehru formed the first Indian government in July 1946 in the face of mounting opposition from the Muslim League, whose campaign for a separate nation-state led to the creation of the Pakistan in 1947. Nehru was very close to Gandhi, who often favored him over his other disciple, Sardar Patel.
In fact, 9 of the 15 provincial councils at that time voted for Patel to become the first Prime Minister of India. However, on Gandhi’s request, Patel relinquished the post to favour Nehru. Nehru served as the Prime Minister of India for 18 years consecutively, till his death in 1964.
Though professing distaste for armed force, under pressure, Nehru’s powerful home Minister, Sardar Patel used the Indian army to secure the territories of Hyderabad in September 1948 and later Portuguese-ruled Goa in December 1961.