Here is your short paragraph on India’s Climate!
Climate of a country includes the study of temperature, rainfall, atmospheric pressure, as well as the direction and velocity of winds over a long period of time. These elements of climate are largely influenced by latitudinal extent, relief, and areal distribution of land and water.
The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country. In the north, the Indian sub-continent is separated from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan ranges as a result of which the cold air masses from Central Asia cannot enter India.
During winter, the northern half of India is warmer by 3°C to 8°C than other areas located on these latitudes. Thus the whole of India, south of the Himalayas is climatically treated as a tropical country.
According to L.D. Stamp, “India is basically a tropical country although its northern part is situated in the temperate belt.” In the south, the Indian coasts are washed by the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal branches of the Indian Ocean which give it a typical tropical monsoon climate. India is par excellence, a tropical monsoon country.