The steps taken by the government for regionally differentiated approach to increase crop production and diversification in the country are as follows!
For revitalization of agricultural sector, improvement in production and productivity, stepping up the growth rates of the sectors, enhancement of the incomes of the farmers, etc the Government has taken many initiatives as:
i. Rashtriya Krishi Vikar Yojana was launched during 2007-08 under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), the States can support crop development activities approved by the State Level Sanctioning Committee.
ii. National Food Security Mission (NFSM) has been launched with an aim to achieve additional production of 20 million tonne of food grains by the end of Eleventh Plan.
iii. A National Horticulture Mission has been launched in 2005-2006 to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector through an area based regionally differentiated strategies.
iv. Various Technology Mission and later Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM) has been launched with the aim of increasing production and productivity of the different oilseed crops and pulse and maize by developing location-specific technologies for each of the crops for maximizing production.
v. Programme for rice and wheat under Macro Management of Agriculture and Micro Irrigation.
vi. National mission on micro irrigation was launched for enhancing water-use efficiency and agricultural productivity by adopting drip and sprinkler irrigation systems.
vii. Availability of concessional credit, improved seeds and fertilizers has been increased to farmers to boost food grains production.
viii. In order to increase the productivity of land, water and other farm inputs in cultivation of rice crops, a new farming practice – System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has been adopted in many States.
ix. The Government is implementing a National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF) for production, promotion and market development of organic farming in the country.
x. Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) has been implemented to provide insurance protection to the farmers against adverse weather incidences such as deficit and excess rainfall, low and high temperature, relative humidity wind speed etc.