Paragraph on the Trans Himalayas Range of India

Here is your paragraph on the Trans Himalayas India!

The Himalayan ranges immediately north of the Great Himalayan range are called the trans-Himalayas.


This part of the Himalayan ranges is also called the Tibetan Himalaya because most of it lies in Tibet. The Zaskar, the Ladakh, the Kailas and the Karakoram are the main ranges of the Trans-Himalayan system.

It stretches for a distance of about 1,000 km in east-west direction and its average elevation is 3000 m above mean sea level. The average width of this region is 40 km at the eastern and western extremities and about 225 km in the central part.

The Zaskar Range branches off from the great Himalayan Range near 80° E longitude and runs more or less parallel to it. The Nanga Parbat (8126 m) forms its culmination in the north-west but the adjoining Deosai Mountain may also be included in it. North of the Zaskar Range and running parallel to it is the Ladakh Range. It is about 300 km long and its average elevation is 5800 metre above the sea level.

Only a few peaks of this range attain heights of over 6000 metres. The Rakaposhi-Haramosh Ranges beyond the Indus may be treated as extensions of the Ladakh Range to the northwest. The Kailas Range (Gangdise in Chinese) in western Tibet is an offshoot of the Ladakh Range. Its average elevation is 5,500-6,000 m above sea level and its average width is 30 km.


The highest peak is Mount Kailas (6714 m). River Indus originates from the northern slopes of the Kailas range. The northern most range of the Trans-Himalayan Ranges in India is the Great Karakoram Range also known as the Krishnagiri range.

It forms India’s frontier with Afghanistan and China and acts as the watershed between India and Turkistan. It extends eastwards from the Pamir for about 800 km. The average width of this range is 120-140 km. It is a range of lofty peaks and its elevation hardly ever falls below 5,500 m. It is the abode of some of the greatest glaciers of the world outside the Polar Regions.

Some of the peaks are more than 8,000 metre above sea level. K2 (8,611 m) is the second highest peak in the world and the highest peak in the Indian Union (excluding the auxiliary peaks of the Great Himalayas) and rises majestically like a cone. It has been named as Godwin Austen by the Britishers and Qogir by the Chinese.

The other peaks located in its neighbourhood and rising more than 8,000 m above sea level are the Gasherbrum I or Hidden Peak (8,068 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m) and Gasherbrum II (8,035 m). Another 19 peaks in Korakoram cross the 7,600 m elevation mark and those over 7,000 m have not yet been fully enumerated.

The Ladakh Plateau lies to the north-east of the Karakoram Range. With an average elevation of over five thousand metres above sea level, it is the highest plateau of the Indian Union. It has been dissected into a number of plains and mountains, the most outstanding among them being Soda Plains, Aksai Chin, Lingzi Tang, Depsang Plains and Chang Chenmo.

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