Here is your short paragraph on Nurjahan role in Mughal politics in India!
Nurjahan played a significant role in Mughal politics. Her original name was Mehrunissa. She was the daughter of Ghiyas Beg of Iran, who left his home and came to India iij search of job. She was born at Kandhar.
In 1601, Mehrunissa was married with Quli Qutub Shah popularly called Sher Afghan, faujdar of Bengal.
In 1607 Sher Afghan got killed and Mehrunissa along with her daughter Ladli Begum reached Agra to her father and brother.
Here Jahangir met her and gave her the title of Noormahal. In 1611, he married her and gave her title of Nurjahan. She was made ‘Badshah Begum’ in 1613. After her marriage, Nurjahan formed a clique consisting of her father, Ghiyas Beg, brother Asaf Khan, mother Asmat Begum and Khurram.
This group led by ambitious Nurjahan influenced Jahangir’s decisions policies etc. She got her father the post of Wazir with 7000 zat and Sawar Mansab. Her brother gets 6000 zat and Sawar Mansab. From 1611-22, the period is referred as a period of Nurjahan rule in India, she was the real power behind the curtain.
It is corroborated by Jahangir in his autobiography Tuzuk-i-Jahangir ‘as long as the power of state is in the hands of Nurjahan-I simply want a cup of wine’. Everything worked very well till 1617 when Asaf Khan married his daughter Anjuman Bano Begum with Khurram.
Khurram was becoming very influential and Nurjahan feared that her power would decline. She married her daughter Ladli Begum to Shahriyar, who was weak and Nurjahan self that it would allow her to retain her position. In 1621, Ghiyas Beg died and differences cropped up between Nurjahan and Asaf Khan, since Asaf Khan wanted his son-in-law Khurram to become the next emperor.
The interference of Nurjahan in politics had both positive and negative impacts. Khurram revolted and in 1626, Jahangir and Nurjahan were imprisoned by him at the bank of Jhelem River. Nurjahan played some positive role as well. She introduced economics in expenditure.
She introduced new fashion in the court, cheap and beautiful furniture, arranged marriages for widows and orphans. Jahangir died on 7th November 1627 at Bhimar. Nurjahan played no role in politics thereafter.