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Paragraph on Industrial Pollution in India

Here is your paragraph on industrial pollution in India! 

There has been phenomenal growth of industries in India, particularly after independence. Industries emit all sorts of pollutants in the air and result in air pollution to great extent. The major industrial air pollutants are suspended particulates, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and many more.

In Delhi, besides big units there are 70,000 uncontrolled small scale industries, discharging into atmosphere gases, liquids and solid wastes producing health hazards. A recent study conducted by Central Pollution Control Board has revealed that Najafgarh Road, Lawrence Road, Wazirpur, Kirti Nagar, DLF industrial area and Moti Nagar are the most polluted areas which suffer at the hands of polluting industries.

In Mumbai belt between Chembur and Trombay is highly industrialised and has 3 to 6 times more pollution than the remaining parts of the city. Tarapur Atomic Power Plant continues to spew out dangerous radiation doses. Kolkata’s industrial units have led to precarious situation with regard air pollution.

According to a report submitted by National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur, the total daily emission from all sources amounts 1,305 tonnes in Kolkata Metropolitan District wherein 900 tonnes of pollutants are produced in the industrial belt of Kolkata and the rest in Haora industrial belt. The major pollutants are suspended particulates (560 tonnes), carbon monoxide (450 tonnes), sulphur dioxide (125 tonnes), hydrocarbons (102 tonnes) and nitrogen oxides (70 tonnes).

Surat is another example of air pollution. This industrial city has a very high average of suspended particulate matter (SPM) amounting to about 267 microgram per cubic metre of air per day. The discharges of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and hydrogen sulphide are 20.4, 24.6 and 0.5 microgram per cubic metre of the air respectively. Ahmedabad has a large number of textile mills as well as other industries which are contributing to air pollution.

Air pollution is also caused by sudden gas leakage in industries. The Bhopal Gas Tragedy, which occurred on the night of December 2-3, 1984 from the Union Carbide Factory, is a living example of one of the deadliest disasters caused by human negligence. This is considered to be the biggest tragedy so far in the industrial history of the world.

According to official sources, 2,500 human lives were lost due to leakage of deadly Methyl Iso-Cynate (MIC) gas but the non-governmental sources put the death toll at 5,000 persons. More than 3,000 persons fell seriously ill. About 200 women delivered dead babies and about 400 babies died within a few hours of their birth.

Those who could survive, developed blue spots in their levers, suffered from coughs and asthma and most of them lost their eye sight. About 47 per cent of the pregnant women suffered from instantaneous abortion, whereas some pregnant women opted for voluntary abortion.

According to official figures, 10,000 people have been rendered permanently disabled and another 30,000 partially handicapped. About 1.5 lakh persons have suffered minor disability. It is, therefore, righty said that whereas industries, bring us economic prosperity, they cause ill health and death also.