A big portion of the Indian population lives in its Tribes. The tribal life is the best example of how the earlier life of the people used to be before the towns and cities came into being.
It demonstrates how difficult and dangerous the life of man was before the advent of technology and other scientific developments.
Status of Women in Tribal Communities:
The woman enjoyed inferior status in the tribal communities. The division of labour was done on the basis of stronger or weaker person. The man always proved to be stronger and was the hunter. The woman depended upon the man for protection. Man collected food and clothing items while the woman was given the task to collect only herbs. Thus, she was at a disadvantage in economic aspect as well.
Pregnancy was another burden on the woman as she was supposed to carry on with her everyday chores even in that state. Men had no sympathy for women and treated them as slaves. This led to the rise of the patriarchal based societies.
Daily Life of Tribals:
The tribal people have a lifestyle which is unique from the other communities based in villages and cities in many aspects. The men go for hunting so that they could bring back food for their families while the women collect water and herbs from the nearby water body.
They are very ritualistic people and worship different gods and goddesses. When the men come back, the senior tribe leader calls everyone to one spot. He then chants some mantra while the others dance around the fire. They thank the Almighty for the food and then sit down to eat. The men eat first and then the women.
Activities in a Tribal Community:
The tribal people stay in families just like us. The woman is usually in charge of the household chores. The younger male children are taken by the father to the forest where he teaches them spotting food and hunting animals. The girl child stays back home to look after her younger siblings. Female relatives work together. They are engaged in plastering the walls of their hut with rice or mud, making tiles, weaving etc.
A tribal life is very different from the life led by the people residing in towns and cities. They don’t have the privilege of enjoying the luxuries of life but whatever little they have, they are happy with the same. They lead a very simple and primitive man’s life. The tribals are disconnected from the entire world outside. They even use medicinal plants for the treatment of diseased people. And they employ conventional methods in every aspect of life.